Integration management is the “glue” that holds all project work together. The aim of all processes within this knowledge area is to identify, unify, and coordinate the various processes into a successful project. Develop Project Charter is the first process in this effort, and Close Project or Phase is the last. Additionally, these are the first and last processes completed, and they formally authorize and end a project, respectively. Integration Management processes are part of every process group, and they include the actual processes where work is directed, managed, and monitored, and where change is controlled.